Instructions to Authors
Manuscript submission
All papers must comply the indications of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (ICMJE Recommendations 2019).

Manuscripts must be submitted to:

Authors are invited to conform with the guidelines for reporting in systematic reviews and meta-analyses of clinical trials (PRISMA), and observational studies (MOOSE), diagnostic studies (STARD), economics research (CHEERS), clinical trial (CONSORT) and case reports (CARE).

All submitted papers must be accompanied by a Copyright Transfer Agreement and a Conflict of Interest form, signed by the corresponding authors on behalf of all co-authors.

 If appropriate, Human and Animal rights form and Publication consent form must be presented.
Articles will be published online (full open access) without publication charge.
Organization and format
JHA accepts manuscript relating to all aspects of HIV and ageing, in Italian or English, accompanied by a synopsis in English (Abstract) and in Italian (Riassunto).
The editors encourage authors to submit manuscripts by e-mail as an attachment in Word or Rich Text 

Format to:

  • E-mailed manuscripts must be in A4 format, Times New Roman or Courier or Calibri font with corresponding adequate size, justified and one and a half line spaced.
  • Figure file formats: Figures must be submitted as separate files. Acceptable file formats are JPEG or TIFF.
Full-length papers: 
  • Systematic reviews and meta-analyses
  • Original Research
  • Appropriateness papers 
Short papers:
  • Mini reviews
  • Minority reports - Original papers and commentaries about new hypotheses and pioneering research
  • Conference Reports 
  • Clinical cases
  • Letters to Editor

Full-length papers should be divided into sections with appropriate headings. Their sequence should be as follows: Title page, Summary, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgements, References.

  • Title page: Should include a title, the name(s) of all author(s) (first name, middle initial and last name of each author), the affiliation, and the author to whom correspondence should be sent (with the complete mailing address, a single telephone number, and a single e-mail address). This information will be published in the article as a footnote to facilitate communication, and the e-mail address will be used to notify the corresponding author of availability of proofs and, later, of the PDF file of the published article.

  • Summary: The abstract should be complete and understandable without reference to the text. Limit the abstract to 250 words or fewer and concisely summarize the basic content of the paper without presenting extensive experimental details.

  • Key words: Key words (3-6) should be provided at the foot of the summary.

  • Introduction: The introduction should supply enough background information to allow the reader to understand and evaluate the results of the present study without referring to previous publications on the topic. The introduction should also provide the rationale for the study.

  • Materials and Methods: The Materials and Methods section must include sufficient technical information to allow the experiments to be repeated. The sources of all media (i.e., name and location of manufacturer) or components of a new formulation must be provided.

  • Results: In the Results section, include the rationale or design of the experiments as well as the results; reserve interpretation of the results for the Discussion section. Present the results as concisely as possible.

  • Discussion: The Discussion section should provide an interpretation of the results in relation to previously published work and to the experimental system at hand. It must not contain extensive repetition of the Results section or reiteration of the introduction. In short papers, the Results and Discussion sections may be combined.

  • Acknowledgments: The source of any financial support received for the work being published must be specified in the Acknowledgments section.

  • References: In the text, a reference should be cited by Arabic numerals and enclosed by round brackets. References should be numbered in the same order as they appear in the text. All authors should be included in reference lists unless there are six or more, in which case only the first three authors should be given, followed by ‘et al.’. For references to journals give titles of articles in full, inclusive pagination, and journal titles. For references to books, include all author’s names, chapter titles (if any), editor (if any), book title, city of publication, publisher’s name, and year of publication.

  • Tables: preferably in word or in excel

  • Figures: preferably TIF o JPG
Articles length
Systematic review, meta-analysis, original research, appropriateness paper:
  • Abstract: 250 words, main text: 3000 words; max 30 references; max 5 Tables/figures.
Minority report, conference report:
  • Abstract: 175 words; main text: 1500 words; max 10 references; 1 table of figure.
Case report:
  • Abstract: 175 words; main text 1250 words; max 5 references; 2 tables and/or figures.
  • Main text: 1250 words; max 10 references.
Lettere all’Editore:
  • Letter to Editor: main text: 1250 words; max 10 references; 1 table or figure.
Use of Human Subjects or Animals in Research
Manuscripts containing information related to human or animal use should clearly state that the research has complied with all relevant international guidelines and institutional policies.
Copies of these guidelines and policy statements must be available for review by the editor if necessary.
Patient Identification
To protect the privacy of individuals mentioned in clinical studies or case histories and as sources of isolates, do not identify them by their initials, even as part of a strain designation. 
Change the initials to numerals or use randomly chosen letters. Do not give hospital unit numbers; if a designation is needed, use only the last two digits of the unit.
Data sharing
We encourage that data generated by your research that supports your article be made available, wherever legally and ethically possible.
If data are available in a public, open access repository, please give the repository name, the persistent URL, and any conditions of reuse (eg. licence, embargo).
If data are available upon reasonable request, please state what the data are, who the data are available from, their publishable contact details and under what conditions reuse is permitted.
If data may be obtained from a third party and are not publicly available, please state what the data are, who the data are available from, their publishable contact details, and under what conditions reuse is permitted.
For editorials or opinion pieces, please state that there are no data in the work.

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